Resource Logo

vpu transmembrane peptide structure obtained by site-specific fourier transform infrared dichroism and global molecular dynamics searching.


Biophys J. 1999 Sep;77(3):1594-601. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The recently developed method of site-directed Fourier transform infrared dichroism for obtaining orientational constraints of oriented polymers is applied here to the transmembrane domain of the vpu protein from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The infrared spectra of the 31-residue-long vpu peptide reconstituted in lipid vesicles reveal a predominantly alpha-helical structure. The infrared dichroism data of the (13)C-labeled peptide yielded a helix tilt beta = (6.5 +/- 1.7) degrees from the membrane normal. The rotational pitch angle omega, defined as zero for a residue located in the direction of the helix tilt, is omega = (283 +/- 11) degrees for the (13)C labels Val(13)/Val(20) and omega = (23 +/- 11) degrees for the (13)C labels Ala(14)/Val(21). A global molecular dynamics search protocol restraining the helix tilt to the experimental value was performed for oligomers of four, five, and six subunits. From 288 structures for each oligomer, a left-handed pentameric coiled coil was obtained, which best fits the experimental data. The structure reveals a pore occluded by Trp residues at the intracellular end of the transmembrane domain.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Amino Acid Sequence Circular Dichroism Gene Products, vpu/*CHEMISTRY Human HIV-1/CHEMISTRY Models, Molecular Molecular Sequence Data Peptide Fragments/CHEMISTRY Peptides/*CHEMISTRY/CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS *Protein Structure, Secondary Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Thermodynamics


Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.