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Neonatal porcine islet cells induce human CD4+, but not CD8+, lymphocyte proliferation and resist cell-mediated cytolytic injury in vitro.


Diabetes. 1999 Sep;48(9):1713-9. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Xenotransplantation of porcine tissue to human recipients promises to alleviate the organ shortage. Human antibody-mediated and cell-mediated immune responses against porcine grafts, however, represent barriers to successful xenotransplantation. We compared neonatal porcine islet cells (NPICs) and neonatal porcine splenocytes for the ability to stimulate proliferation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), and for their susceptibility to human natural killer (NK) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated lysis. Human peripheral blood CD4+ lymphocytes showed strong proliferation in response to NPICs, likely because of occasional swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) class II+ cells in the NPIC preparations. In contrast, human peripheral blood CD8+ lymphocytes did not proliferate in response to NPICs, although they showed clear responses to both porcine splenocytes and endothelial cells. Both human CTL-raised-against-porcine splenocytes and endogenous NK cells lysed porcine splenocytes, but the same cells showed little or no lytic activity against NPICs. Lysis of porcine splenocyte targets was completely abrogated by pretreatment of the human NK or CTL populations with concana-mycin A, suggesting a perforin-dependent effector mechanism. Pretreatment of the NPIC targets with proinflammatory porcine cytokines to upregulate SLA class I expression failed to enhance human CTL-mediated lysis. However, lysis of NPICs by human CTLs could be elicited when a lectin was added to form stable effector:target cell conjugates. It appears that NPICs do not express sufficiently high levels of co-stimulatory and/or adhesion molecules to either activate human CD8+ T-cells or to be effective targets for activated human CTLs. These data suggest that NPICs may not be destroyed by NK- or CTL-mediated lytic mechanisms after transplantation into humans.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Animal Animals, Newborn Cell Division/PHYSIOLOGY Coculture Comparative Study Cytokines/PHARMACOLOGY *Cytotoxicity, Immunologic CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*IMMUNOLOGY CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*IMMUNOLOGY Human *Immunity, Cellular Islets of Langerhans/*IMMUNOLOGY Killer Cells, Natural Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Swine Transplantation Immunology Transplantation, Heterologous Up-Regulation (Physiology)


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