Researchers at Makerere University, Kampala and the pharmocology group at Liverpool University reported a significant interaction between high fat meals and ritonavir as a booster in lopinavir/r (Kaletra).
Three meal conditions were studied in an open-label, three part, cross over study in 12 HIV positive people (6 men, 6 women) using lopinavir/r (2 x 400/100 mg tablets) as second-line therapy. Median (IQR) age and weight of patients was 48 (44 – 49) years and 62 (59-68) kgs.
Intensive PK sampling after a moderate (20 g fat) and high (36 g) fat meal (on Day 1 and 8 respectively) were compared to fasted state on Day 15.
Compared to the fasting, administration with a high fat meal resulted in 29% lower ritonavir AUC (geometric mean ratio 0.71; 90%CI 0.61-0.84) and 29% lower Cmax (GM 0.71; 90%CI 0.60-0.84) while C12 increased non-significantly by 12% (GM 1.12 (90%CI 0.94-1.33).
Lamorde M et al. – Steady-state exposure of ritonavir is reduced by a high fat meal in Ugandan patients receiving lopinavir plus ritonavir co-formulated tablets. 13th EACS, 12–15 October 2011, Belgrade. Abstract PE6.6/1 (BPD1/1).