Reuters NewMedia - January 17, 2012
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Porn stars in Los Angeles will be legally
required to wear condoms during film shoots after the city
council voted on Tuesday to mandate their use, despite a threat
by skin flick producers to leave town over the requirement.
The move comes amid persistent questions about how to enforce the
health measure, which backers say will protect performers in the
multibillion-dollar porn industry from contracting HIV and other
sexually transmitted diseases.
Producers complain the sight of a condom in a sex scene turns off
consumers of their videos.
The Los Angeles City Council voted 9-1 on Tuesday to give final
approval to the measure, proposed after the AIDS Healthcare
Foundation qualified an initiative for the ballot that would have
asked voters in June to mandate condoms at porn shoots as a
condition of obtaining film permits.
The city would have had to spend over $4 million to hold the
election, and city officials said a decision to simply adopt the
condom requirement allowed them to dodge that costly poll.
Los Angeles City Councilman Paul Koretz, who brought the measure,
said he expected residents at the ballot box would have
overwhelmingly approved the condom requirement, so it was a
"no-brainer" to adopt it now.
"For us right now, our only real policy issue is do we spend $4
million and have this become law? Or do we not spend $4 million
and have this become law?" Koretz said.
The council gave preliminary approval to the measure last week,
and its passage made the city the first in the nation to impose
such a requirement. Most of the U.S. porn industry is based in
The California Division of Occupational Safety and Health
(Cal-OSHA) already requires porn performers to wear barriers,
such as condoms, when they are in contact with bodily fluids.
But enforcement has been a challenge for the state. For one, the
Cal-OSHA requirement is not specifically aimed at adult films,
and it is openly violated within the industry, said Michael
Weinstein, president of AIDS Healthcare. He has clashed with porn
producers for years over the issue.
"I don't know of any other industry where people go out in public
and say they're not going to follow the law," Weinstein, whose
group provides care to AIDS patients, said last week.
The language of the newly adopted condom measure does not state
how it will be enforced. But Koretz said that violations would be
"awful tough to hide" because they would be caught on camera.
He said that was especially true for large production companies
based in porn hub the San Fernando Valley, which is part of the
city. But he said some smaller companies, which are less likely
to get film permits, were more difficult to track.
"If you're hiding in the weeds, that will continue to be the
case," he said.
Paul Audley, president of FilmL.A., a nonprofit hired by the city
to oversee television and film productions, said his office
normally has Los Angeles police handle enforcement when problems
arise with permitted shoots.
But Audley said last week that he told city leaders he believes
workers with health licenses would be best able to make sure
adult film performers use condoms. He said his office and
representatives from Cal-OSHA would soon meet to discuss how the
new city mandate should be enforced.
FilmL.A. hands out under 500 permits a year for adult movie
shoots, Audley said. But some estimates put the number of adult
films shot in the Los Angeles region at 50,000 a year, he said.
Now that it has succeeded in having the City Council adopt the
condom measure, AIDS Healthcare is widening its campaign by
pushing for a November ballot initiative that would force porn
producers to obtain a public health permit from Los Angeles
County officials. The permit is similar to what barber shops must
receive, said Ged Kenslea, a spokesman for AIDS Healthcare.
If that county measure passes, it would stop producers within Los
Angeles city limits from moving shop to neighboring communities
to avoid using condoms, Weinstein said.
Porn producers have been critical of the condom mandate.
Steven Hirsch, the co-chairman and founder of adult film company
Vivid Entertainment, said last week his company has a
"condom-optional" policy and leaves it up to performers.
While over 80 percent of the U.S. porn industry is based in Los
Angeles, where performers are regularly tested for sexually
transmitted diseases, productions could move to other states or
countries due to the condom mandate, he said.
(Reporting By Alex Dobuzinskis; Editing by Cynthia Johnston)