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Some of the recommendations about sex education


Associated Press - January 9, 2012

Below are some of the recommendations offered Monday to states and school districts on sexual education by a coalition of health and education groups.

*By the end of second grade, students should be able to: Use proper names for body parts; explain that all living things reproduce; identify different kinds of family structures; explain that all people have the right to not be touched; and explain why bullying and teasing are wrong.

*By the end of fifth grade, students should be able to: Describe male and female reproductive systems; understand changes during puberty; define sexual orientation as "the romantic attraction of an individual to someone of the same gender or a different gender;" define HIV and ways to prevent it; describe healthy relationships; define teasing, harassment, bullying and sexual abuse.

*By the end of the eighth grade, students should be able to: Differentiate between gender identity, gender expression and sexual orientation; explain the range of gender roles; describe the signs of pregnancy; compare and contrast behaviors including abstinence to determine the potential risk of disease transmission from each; define emergency contraception and its use; explain why a person who has been raped or sexually assaulted is not at fault.

*By the end of high school, students should be able to: Analyze how brain development has an impact on changes of adolescence; define sexual consent and its implications for sexual decision making; explain why using tricks, threats or coercion in relationships is wrong; and compare and contrast the laws relating to pregnancy adoption, abortion and parenting.


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Information in this article was accurate in January 9, 2012. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.