Associated Press - January 9, 2012
Below are some of the recommendations offered Monday to states
and school districts on sexual education by a coalition of health
and education groups.
*By the end of second grade, students should be able to: Use
proper names for body parts; explain that all living things
reproduce; identify different kinds of family structures; explain
that all people have the right to not be touched; and explain why
bullying and teasing are wrong.
*By the end of fifth grade, students should be able to: Describe
male and female reproductive systems; understand changes during
puberty; define sexual orientation as "the romantic attraction of
an individual to someone of the same gender or a different
gender;" define HIV and ways to prevent it; describe healthy
relationships; define teasing, harassment, bullying and sexual
*By the end of the eighth grade, students should be able to:
Differentiate between gender identity, gender expression and
sexual orientation; explain the range of gender roles; describe
the signs of pregnancy; compare and contrast behaviors including
abstinence to determine the potential risk of disease
transmission from each; define emergency contraception and its
use; explain why a person who has been raped or sexually
assaulted is not at fault.
*By the end of high school, students should be able to: Analyze
how brain development has an impact on changes of adolescence;
define sexual consent and its implications for sexual decision
making; explain why using tricks, threats or coercion in
relationships is wrong; and compare and contrast the laws
relating to pregnancy adoption, abortion and parenting.