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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update

GLOBAL: Challenges Facing World's 1.2 Billion Adolescents




 

Reuters (04.25.12) - Wednesday, April 25, 2012

On Tuesday, UNICEF released its first-ever report on the challenges facing the world's 1.2 billion people ages 10-19, a group comprising 18 percent of the global population. "Progress for Children: A Report Card on Adolescents" was issued to coincide with this week's meeting of the UN Commission on Population Development.

Among the key findings of the report: *Some 2.2 million people ages 10-19 are living with HIV, and most are unaware of their infection. Girls account for 1.3 million of adolescent HIV cases. Many HIV-positive adolescents contracted the virus at birth, while others were infected through unprotected sex or sharing needles.

*Adolescent girls in developing countries often marry and bear children at too young an age, hampering their educational opportunities. Approximately 16 million girls ages 15-19 give birth each year worldwide; 90 percent of births to adolescents occur within marriage. Latin America, the Caribbean, and sub- Saharan Africa have the highest proportion of teenage births.

*1.4 million adolescents die from injuries related to childbirth complications, traffic accidents, suicide, AIDS, gang-related violence, and other causes.

*Though 90 percent of the world's children are enrolled in primary school, secondary school enrollment drops off dramatically; this is particularly true in developing nations in Africa and Asia. Worldwide, 71 million adolescents do not attend secondary school, and up to 127 million young people ages 15-24 are illiterate - mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.



 


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Information in this article was accurate in April 25, 2012. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.