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New Findings Reported from University of the Western Cape Describe Advances in HIV/AIDS




 



2013 JAN 14 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- Investigators discuss new findings in Immune System Diseases and Conditions. According to news originating from Cape Town, South Africa, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Alcohol use has been closely linked with HIV risk behaviors in South Africa. The places where people drink are often the same settings in which they meet new sex partners and may contribute independently to sexual risk."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of the Western Cape, "This current study examines the independent effects of patronizing alcohol serving establishments (shebeens) and alcohol use in predicting HIV risk behaviors. Men (n = 981) and women (n = 492) were recruited from inside shebeens and surrounding areas proximal to shebeens in eight separate neighborhoods in a Township in Cape Town, South Africa. Anonymous community surveys measured demographic characteristics, alcohol use, shebeen attendance, and sexual risk behaviors. Comparisons of 1210 (82 %) participants who patronized shebeens in the past month with 263 (18 %) participants who did not patronize shebeens demonstrated higher rates of alcohol use frequency and quantity, more sexual partners, and higher rates of vaginal intercourse without condoms for the patrons. Multiple linear regression analysis found shebeen attendance in the past month predicted greater sexual risk for HIV beyond demographic characteristics and alcohol use. Social influences and environmental factors in shebeens could be contributing to sexual risk behavior independently of alcohol consumption."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Further research is needed to understand the environmental factors of shebeens that promote and influence HIV risk behaviors."

For more information on this research see: HIV Risks Associated with Patronizing Alcohol Serving Establishments in South African Townships, Cape Town. Prevention Science, 2012;13(6):627-634. Prevention Science can be contacted at: Springer, Plenum Publishers, 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA. (Springer - www.springer.com; Prevention Science - www.springerlink.com/content/1389-4986/)

The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from D. Cain, Univ Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa (see also Immune System Diseases and Conditions).

Keywords for this news article include: HIV/AIDS, Cape Town, RNA Viruses, South Africa, Retroviridae, HIV Infections, Vertebrate Viruses, Risk and Prevention, Primate Lentiviruses, Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Immune System Diseases and Conditions

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Information in this article was accurate in January 14, 2013. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.