2013 SEP 9 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- Investigators publish new report on Opportunistic Infections. According to news reporting from Rome, Italy, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "The co-infection of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continue to be a severe problem in the European region. We estimated the extent of this phenomenon in Italy, describing and analysing the characteristics of persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and TB reported to the National AIDS Registry."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from the National Institutes of Health, "We analysed the cases of TB reported to the National AIDS Registry in Italy since 1993, the year in which TB was introduced as an AIDS-defining disease. From 1993 to 2010, 45 403 cases of AIDS were reported; among these, 4075 (8.9%) had TB (any location). Since 1993, there has been a progressive increase in the proportion of persons with TB, from 6.8% in 1993 to 11.0% in 2010. Men accounted for 76.3%; the median age at diagnosis was 35 years (interquartile range: 31-42 years), and 34.1% were non-nationals. Compared with AIDS cases without TB, AIDS cases with TB were significantly associated with young age (33 years), being non-Italian, having heterosexual contacts, living in the south of Italy, being a late tester and being alive at the time of data analysis. The proportion of non-nationals increased from 10.8% in 1993 to 64.6% in 2010. The incidence of AIDS and TB among non-nationals for the whole study period was 2.97 cases per 100 000 non-nationals, compared with 0.11 cases per 100 000 Italians."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "These data suggest that the occurrence of TB among persons with AIDS is also increasing in Italy, with an increasing proportion of non-nationals, and emphasize the need to undergo HIV screening for all persons diagnosed with TB."
For more information on this research see: AIDS patients with tuberculosis: characteristics and trend of cases reported to the National AIDS Registry in Italy-1993-2010. European Journal of Public Health, 2013;23(4):658-663. European Journal of Public Health can be contacted at: Oxford Univ Press, Great Clarendon St, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; European Journal of Public Health - eurpub.oxfordjournals.org)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting L. Camoni, Natl Inst Hlth, Dept. of Infect Parasit & Immunomediated Dis, AIDS Unit, I-00161 Rome, Italy. Additional authors for this research include V. Regine, S. Boros, M.C. Salfa, M. Raimondo and B. Suligoi (see also Opportunistic Infections).
Keywords for this news article include: Rome, Italy, Europe, Gram-Positive Bacteria, Mycobacterium Infections, Opportunistic Infections, Actinomycetales Infections, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
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