2013 SEP 30 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- Research findings on Immune System Diseases and Conditions are discussed in a new report. According to news originating from Baltimore, Maryland, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Concurrent sexual partnerships are hypothesized to be a contributing factor to Malawi's HIV epidemic. As social norms influence health behavior and have been found to influence sexual behavior, the purpose of this study was to explore two types of norms, descriptive and injunctive norms, toward concurrent sexual partnerships in Malawi."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, "Data from 40 focus group discussions and 20 in-depth interviews conducted in five districts in Malawi, which included 318 participants aged 18-55 years, were analyzed. Participants perceived that concurrent sexual partnerships were extremely common, and believed that very few individuals in their communities were not in concurrent sexual partnerships. However, participants perceived that others in their communities heavily disapproved of concurrent sexual partnerships outside of polygamy, as polygamy was viewed as an acceptable type of partnership because it was conducted in the open. Participants asserted that there were no traditional practices that promoted concurrent sexual partnerships, and perceived that those that engaged in the behavior were for the most part stigmatized by community members."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Further research is needed to obtain a thorough understanding of the way in which the perceived actions and beliefs of peers influence the beliefs, feelings and actions of individuals to strengthen HIV programming efforts in the region."
For more information on this research see: Descriptive and injunctive norms related to concurrent sexual partnerships in Malawi: implications for HIV prevention research and programming. Health Education Research, 2013;28(4):563-573. Health Education Research can be contacted at: Oxford Univ Press, Great Clarendon St, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; Health Education Research - her.oxfordjournals.org)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from R.J. Limaye, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Public Hlth, Dept. of Hlth Behav & Soc, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States. Additional authors for this research include S. Babalola, C.E. Kennedy and D.L. Kerrigan (see also Immune System Diseases and Conditions).
Keywords for this news article include: Maryland, HIV/AIDS, Baltimore, RNA Viruses, Retroviridae, United States, HIV Infections, Vertebrate Viruses, Risk and Prevention, Primate Lentiviruses, North and Central America, Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Immune System Diseases and Conditions
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