BALTIMORE, March 24 (UPI) -- U.S. researchers said an antibiotic
used to treat acne for more than 30 years may help treat HIV
Scientists at John Hopkins University School of Medicine in
Baltimore found minocycline -- the antibiotic used for acne --
targeted the infected immune cells in which human
immunodeficiency virus may lie dormant.
The study, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, found
minocycline helped immune function by aiding cellular pathways
that help keep the virus from reactivating.
The researchers said the drug has the potential of improving the
current treatment regimen of HIV-infected patients --a drug
cocktail known as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy or HAART.
"The big challenge clinicians deal with now in this country when
treating HIV patients is keeping the virus locked in a dormant
state," Janice Clements said in a statement. "While HAART is
really effective in keeping down active replication, minocycline
is another arm of defense against the virus."