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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update

UNITED STATES: Tracking TB-HIV Coinfection in the United States




 

blog.AIDS.gov (10.10.12)

The incidence of TB has decreased in the United States. In 2011, there were 10,528 TB cases; a reduction from 11,171 cases in 2010. However, TB is still a serious threat, particularly to people with HIV, and TB remains the leading cause of death in people with HIV. Recent data brings into clearer focus the intersection of TB and HIV, showing that more people with TB are being tested for HIV. In 2011, the percentage of TB patients tested for HIV rose to 82 percent, from 67 percent in 2010. The percentage of TB patients with HIV-positive results declined from 15 percent in 1993 to 6 percent in 2008, and has held steady at 6 percent for the past four years. The TB and HIV co-infection underscores the need to integrate HIV testing programs for all people starting TB treatment and timely TB testing for people with HIV. The National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) works to improve outcomes for people at risk for multiple diseases through program collaboration and service integration. Effective treatment for HIV patients who have either latent TB infection or TB disease is available. The first step, however, is to ensure that people with HIV are tested for TB.



 


Copyright © 2012 -CDC Prevention News Update, Publisher. All rights reserved to Information, Inc., Bethesda, MD. The CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention provides the following information as a public service only. Providing synopses of key scientific articles and lay media reports on HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis does not constitute CDC endorsement. This daily update also includes information from CDC and other government agencies, such as background on Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) articles, fact sheets, press releases and announcements. Reproduction of this text is encouraged; however, copies may not be sold, and the CDC HIV/STD/TB Prevention News Update should be cited as the source of the information. Contact the sources of the articles abstracted below for full texts of the articles.



Information in this article was accurate in October 11, 2012. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.