2013 SEP 30 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at AIDS Weekly -- Research findings on Immune System Diseases and Conditions are discussed in a new report. According to news reporting from Kiev, Ukraine, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Late entry of HIV-positive persons into specialized care is a significant challenge to limiting the spread of the HIV epidemic. In 2008-2010, only 54% of 108116 persons who tested HIV positive enrolled in care at AIDS Centers in Ukraine, and almost half of new AIDS cases are found in patients with first-time HIV diagnoses."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research, "We aimed to identify factors associated with delayed enrolment in HIV care in Odessa Region, Ukraine. We conducted a retrospective data analysis of patients who enrolled in HIV care in 1995-2010, comparing patients on the basis of the reported route of HIV transmission (injecting drug use or sexual transmission). The nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare the groups. During the period analysed, the delay in enrolment in HIV care among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Odessa Region was longer than that among people infected via sexual transmission. The mean delay in enrolment in care among PWID increased over time for men and women; their mean age at the time of enrolment also gradually increased. Urban residents accounted for the majority of HIV cases, with some growth in the proportion of rural residents. People who acquired HIV via injecting drug use showed later enrolment in HIV care compared with people infected via sexual transmission."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "There is an urgent need to improve HIV counselling and referral services, taking into account differences in the behaviour of drug-using and non-drug-using populations."
For more information on this research see: Association of injecting drug use and late enrolment in HIV medical care in Odessa Region, Ukraine. HIV Medicine, 2013;14():38-41. HIV Medicine can be contacted at: Wiley-Blackwell, 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, NJ, USA. (Wiley-Blackwell - www.wiley.com/; HIV Medicine - onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1468-1293)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting T.K. Kiriazova, WHO Country Off Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine. Additional authors for this research include O.V. Postnov, I.B. Perehinets and O.O. Neduzhko (see also Immune System Diseases and Conditions).
Keywords for this news article include: Kiev, Europe, Ukraine, HIV/AIDS, RNA Viruses, Retroviridae, HIV Infections, Vertebrate Viruses, Primate Lentiviruses, Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Immune System Diseases and Conditions
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