New York Times (12.03.2013)
The New York Times reported that donor-country pledges to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund) throughout the next three years totaled $12 billion, far short of the target amount of $15 billion. Global Fund Executive Director Dr. Mark R. Dybul stated that the amount pledged was “incredible,” and he also hoped to acquire additional pledges from countries and wealthy individuals. Although the amount currently pledged was not enough to eliminate the three diseases worldwide, Chris Collins, director of public policy at the American Foundation for AIDS Research, believed the amount pledged reflected growing optimism about the Global Fund’s effectiveness.
However, Health Global Access Project and Doctors Without Borders spokespeople expressed disappointment at the lack of funding. In April, the Global Fund estimated that the target goal of $15 billion would reach 85 percent of people in need. In comparison, $12 billion only would reach 68 percent. Global Fund Spokesperson Seth Faison noted that the $12 billion in firm pledges represented 30 percent more than the $9.2 billion pledged in 2010.
While the UN estimated that addressing HIV/AIDS would require $24–27 billion annually, current spending was only $19 billion. Approximately 10 million of the 35 million HIV-infected persons worldwide received antiretroviral drugs. The “test and treat” policy recommended by AIDS experts was unattainable at current funding levels, according to Health Global Access Project Spokesperson Matthew Kavanagh. Approximately 2.3 million new HIV infections occurred each year. TB incidence increased with new HIV infections because latent TB could become active due to depressed immune systems. Progress in eliminating malaria depended on insecticide-impregnated nets, indoor spraying, and artemisinin drugs. Sustaining the current mortality rate of 650,000 per year required “continuous investment.”
The United States, which offered a one-to-two match up to $5 billion, was the largest Global Fund donor.