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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update

CALIFORNIA: Researchers Find Clue to How Hepatitis C Virus Harms Liver




 

Medical Xpress (12.12.12) Aids Weekly Plus

Researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) found a trigger that is used by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) to enter liver cells. They discovered that in the early stages of HCV infection, the virus binds to receptors on the surface of liver cells and activates PI3K and AKT, proteins that control cell growth and metabolism, and which allow HCV to enter the cells. According to James Ou, professor of molecular microbiology and immunology at USC’s Keck School of Medicine, when the two protein factors are activated, they initiate a group of reactions that alter the physiology of infected cells. Later, by continuing to disturb this pathway, HCV may sensitize the liver cells to become cancerous. Ou has been studying HCV for 20 years and the hepatitis B virus for 30 years. He explained that the next step is to understand how activation of the PI3K-AKT pathway allows HCV to enter the cell. Ou also noted that the research has led to the identification of a novel target for developing new drugs to treat HCV in the form of compounds that disrupt the PI3K-AKT pathway. These anti-hepatitis drugs would be expected to prevent the virus from entering, and thus, cause the virus to disappear. The study, “Transient Activation of the PI3K-AKT Pathway by Hepatitis C Virus to Enhance Viral Entry,” was published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry (2012;287(50): 41922–41930).



 


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Information in this article was accurate in December 13, 2012. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.