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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update
UNITED STATES: Few Sexually Active Teens in U.S. Get HIV Test:
Julie Steenhuysen
June 26, 2009
Reuters (06.25.09) - Friday, June 26, 2009

Just 22 percent of sexually active US students ages 14-18 are tested for HIV, and almost half of adolescents and young adults who are positive for the virus are unaware of their infection, CDC said Thursday.

The analysis of data from the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of students in grades nine through 12 found older teens were more likely to have been tested for HIV, and girls were more likely than boys to have been screened. Testing was more common among students who had learned about HIV/AIDS in school versus those who had not, CDC said, calling for schools to include more information on the virus in their curricula.

People ages 12-24 comprise 4.4 percent of the estimated 1.1 million people in the United States who are living with HIV/AIDS. However, they represent 10 percent of the estimated 232,700 people who do not know they are infected.

"At the end of 2006, an estimated 48 percent of adolescents and young adults infected with HIV were unaware of their infection, representing missed opportunities for diagnosis, treatment and reduction in the number of new HIV transmissions," the agency said.

The report, "HIV Testing Among High School Students - United States, 2007," was published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (2009;58(24):665-668).

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