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Serial analysis of gene expression in HIV-1-infected T cell lines.
Ryo A; Suzuki Y; Ichiyama K; Wakatsuki T; Kondoh N; Hada A; Yamamoto M;
March 30, 2000
FEBS Lett. 1999 Nov 26;462(1-2):182-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The gene expression profile of the HIV-1 infection state was analyzed in the human T cell line MOLT-4. Using the serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) method, a total of 142{ omitted}603 SAGE tags were sequenced and identified, representing 43{ omitted}581 unique mRNA species. Comparison of expression patterns revealed that 53 cellular genes were differentially expressed upon HIV-1 infection. Northern blot and RT-PCR analyses confirmed the altered expression of the genes in both MOLT-4 and MT-4 cells. Up-regulated genes were mainly composed of transcription factors and genes related to T cell activation, whereas down-regulated genes were comprised of mitochondrial proteins, actin-related factors and translational factors. These findings indicate that persistent T cell activation, which may accelerate HIV-1 replication, and the disruption of cellular housekeeping genes including those involved in anti-apoptotic systems, may play an important role in HIV-1-induced pathogenesis.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Apoptosis/GENETICS Expressed Sequence Tags *Gene Expression Profiling Human HIV Infections *HIV-1 Lymphocyte Transformation Proteins/GENETICS Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger/ANALYSIS Support, Non-U.S. Gov't T-Lymphocytes/METABOLISM/*VIROLOGY Tumor Cells, Cultured Virus Replication