Health Psychol. 2000 Mar;19(2):134-45. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE
The availability of improved HIV treatments may prompt reduced concern
about HIV and sexual risk. Gay and bisexual men (N = 554, 17%
HIV-positive) completed measures of treatment attitudes, sexual risk,
and assumptions regarding the infectiousness of sexual partners. A
substantial minority reported reduced HIV concern related to treatment
advances. Reduced HIV concern was an independent predictor of sexual
risk, particularly among HIV-positive men. In response to hypothetical
scenarios describing sex with an HIV-positive partner, participants
rated the risk of unprotected sex to be lower if the partner was taking
combination treatments and had an undetectable viral load, relative to
scenarios with a seropositive partner not taking combination treatments.
Prevention efforts must address attitudinal shifts prompted by recent
treatment successes, stressing the continued importance of safer sex,
and that an undetectable viral load does not eliminate infection risks.
JOURNAL ARTICLE *Attitude to Health *Bisexuality Combined Modality
Therapy Condoms *Homosexuality, Male Human *HIV Seronegativity HIV
Seropositivity/*PSYCHOLOGY/*THERAPY Male *Perception Questionnaires
Risk Factors Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/*PSYCHOLOGY Support, U.S.