Drug Alcohol Depend. 2000 Mar 1;58(3):219-26. Unique Identifier :
This study was designed to assess differences in sex-related risk
behaviors between drug injectors who did not smoke crack cocaine, crack
smokers who did not inject drugs, and drug users who both injected drugs
and smoked crack. Current drug users (i.e. used within the past 30 days)
from 22 cities were recruited and assessed. The sample (n = 26,982)
included 28% who injected only, 42% who smoked crack only, and 30% who
both injected and smoked crack. Results showed that active drug users
were at risk of HIV infection through sexual transmission: in the 30 day
period prior to their interview, 28% reported sex with two or more
individuals, 23% had an IDU sex partner, and 24% had exchanged sex for
drugs or money. In addition, more than 80% did not use a condom during
sex. Crack only smokers and crack smoking injectors were more likely
than injectors only to report multiple sex partners and exchanging sex.
Because of these high risk behaviors, condom use was of particular
importance. The number of days of alcohol use and having an IDU sex
partner were independently associated with not using a condom. Crack
smoking injectors reported the highest average number of days of alcohol
consumption and were the most likely to have had an IDU sex partner.
JOURNAL ARTICLE Adult Cocaine-Related Disorders/*PSYCHOLOGY *Crack
Cocaine Female Follow-Up Studies Human HIV
Seropositivity/*TRANSMISSION Male Prospective Studies Questionnaires
Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/*PSYCHOLOGY *Smoking Substance Abuse,
Intravenous/*PSYCHOLOGY Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.