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NLM AIDSLINE
Distinct trafficking pathways mediate Nef-induced and clathrin-dependent major histocompatibility complex class I down-regulation.
Le Gall S; Buseyne F; Trocha A; Walker BD; Heard JM; Schwartz O
December 30, 2000
Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/20438124

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef protein alters the post-Golgi stages of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) biogenesis. Presumed mechanisms involve the disclosure of a cryptic tyrosine-based sorting signal (YSQA) located in the cytoplasmic tail of HLA-A and -B heavy chains. We changed this signal for a prototypic sorting motif (YSQI or YSQL). Modified HLA-A2 molecules, termed A2-endo, displayed constitutively low surface levels and accumulated in a region close to or within the Golgi apparatus, a behavior reminiscent of wild-type HLA-A2 in Nef-expressing cells. However, several lines of evidence indicate

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