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NLM AIDSLINE
Risk of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus to health care workers exposed to HIV-infected patients: a review.
Verrusio AC; Council on Dental Research, American Dental Association,
June 30, 1989
J Am Dent Assoc. 1989 Mar;118(3):339-42. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The possibility of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to health care workers with occupational exposure to infected patients has caused concern since the beginning of the AIDS crisis. This report summarizes both national surveillance data for AIDS among health care workers and the results of prospective studies on the risk of HIV transmission in the health care professions. All the available evidence indicates that HIV infection in health care workers in the United States results primarily from exposure outside the health care setting, and is acquired by one of the conventional routes of transmission. A small number of health care workers have been infected with HIV through occupational exposure. Prospective surveillance studies indicate that the risk of seroconversion after needlestick exposure to HIV-infected blood is about 0.5%. The level of risk associated with exposure of mucous membranes or nonintact skin is far less.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*TRANSMISSION Dental Auxiliaries Dentists *Health Manpower Human HIV Occupational Diseases/*TRANSMISSION Risk Factors Saliva/MICROBIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL

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