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NLM AIDSLINE
Isolation of a herpes simplex virus type 2 that is retinovirulent in mice.
Mahjoub SB; Ganley JP; Misra RP; Langford MP; Department of
January 30, 1990
Curr Eye Res. 1989 Jul;8(7):687-95. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The virulence of a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) isolated from the urine of a patient (SL) with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and bilateral acute retinal necrosis (ARN), was investigated in mice. The ratio of plaque forming units (PFU) in fibroblasts to the 50% lethal dose (LD50) of HSV-2(SL) in mice was 10 fold more than the PFU to LD50 ratio of a neurovirulent HSV-2, strain 186. Further, HSV-2(SL) caused retinitis with and without lethal encephalitis in mice inoculated intracranially (i.c.). In contrast, mice inoculated with HSV-2(186) died of encephalitis without ocular disease. HSV-2(SL) was isolated from eye and/or brain tissue 1 to 15 days post i.c. inoculation. Ocular disease progressed from an initial mild chorioretinitis on day 8 to total retinal necrosis with panuveitis by day 11 in mice given 10 PFU of HSV-2(SL) i.c. HSV antigen was detected initially in the cells of the optic nerve and spread into the ganglial cells of the nerve fiber layer, the neurosensory cells of the inner nuclear layer, and the cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) between days 8 and 10. Thus, this study supports the concept that HSV neurovirulence varies between strains and presents a HSV-2 neurotransmission animal model of ARN.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/MICROBIOLOGY Adult Animal Antigens, Viral/IMMUNOLOGY Brain/MICROBIOLOGY Female Human Immunoenzyme Techniques Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C/*MICROBIOLOGY Necrosis/COMPLICATIONS Panuveitis/COMPLICATIONS Plaque Assay Retinitis/COMPLICATIONS/*ETIOLOGY Simplexvirus/IMMUNOLOGY/ISOLATION & PURIF/*PATHOGENICITY Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Time Factors *Virulence Virus Cultivation JOURNAL ARTICLE

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