-- About 44 percent of state inmates and 39 percent of federal
inmates have medical problems
WASHINGTON, April 22 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Between 2005 and
2006 the number of state and federal prisoners who were
HIV-positive decreased 3.1 percent -- from 22,676 to 21,980
inmates, according to a report by the Justice Department's Bureau
of Justice Statistics (BJS). Another BJS report estimated that
44 percent of state inmates and 39 percent of federal inmates
reported a current medical problem other than a cold or a virus.
Sixteen states and the federal system reported a decrease in the
number of HIV-infected prisoners and 25 states reported an
increase from 2005 through 2006. Texas, with 293 more
HIV-positive inmates, reported the largest increase. New York
with 440 fewer HIV-positive prisoners reported the largest drop.
On December 31, 2006, an estimated 5,977 inmates had confirmed
AIDS, up from 5,620 in 2005. Confirmed AIDS cases accounted for
more than a quarter of inmates known to be HIV positive.
At yearend 2006 the rate of confirmed AIDS in state and federal
prisoners was more than 2 1/2 times higher than in the U.S.
population. About 46 in 10,000 prison inmates were estimated to
have confirmed AIDS, compared to 17 per 10,000 persons in the
During 2006, the number of AIDS-related deaths in state and
federal prisons totaled 167, down from 203 in 2005. In 2006,
nearly 5 percent of state inmate deaths were attributable to
AIDS, down from 34 percent in 1995.
At yearend 2006, 0.9 percent of federal inmates (1,530) were
known to be HIV positive, down from 1,592 in 2005. Of the federal
prisoners known to be HIV positive at yearend 2006, 656 had
confirmed AIDS, up from 594 in 2005.
During 2006, 12 federal inmates died from AIDS-related causes,
down from 27 in 2005. During 2006, the rate of death due to
AIDS-related causes among federal prisoners was 6 per 100,000
Current medical problems among prisoners include arthritis,
asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart problems, hypertension, kidney
problems, liver problems, paralysis, problems due to a stroke,
hepatitis, HIV, STDs, or tuberculosis. More than half of female
inmates and over a third of male inmates reported a current
medical problem in a national inmate survey.
Among inmates admitted to state and federal prisons, about an
eighth reported having surgery, and half reported having a dental
problem. A third of state inmates and 28 percent of federal
inmates reported either an accidental injury or a fight-related
injury since admission to prison.
More than a third (36 percent) of state inmates and nearly a
quarter (24 percent) of federal inmates reported having an
impairment, including a learning, speech, hearing, vision,
mobility, or mental impairment.
More than half of state (51 percent) and federal inmates (56
percent) who were homeless in the year prior to arrest reported a
current medical problem compared to 43 percent of state and 38
percent of federal inmates who were not homeless. Sixty percent
of state inmates and 58 percent of federal inmates who used a
needle to inject drugs reported a current medical problem
compared to 40 percent state and 36 percent of federal who did
Among inmates who reported a medical problem, 70 percent of state
inmates and 76 percent of federal inmates reported seeing a
medical professional because of the problem. More than 8 in 10
inmates in state and federal prisons reported receiving a medical
exam or a blood test since admission.
Among females in state prisons, 4 percent said they were pregnant
at the time of admission; 3 percent of federal inmates were
pregnant. Of those in state prisons who said they were pregnant
at admission, 94 percent received an obstetric exam. More than
half (54 percent) received some type of pregnancy care.
The reports, HIV in Prisons, 2006 (NCJ-222179), and Medical
Problems of Prisoners (NCJ-221740) were written by BJS
Statistician Laura M. Maruschak. Following publication, the
reports can be found at
For additional information about the Bureau of Justice
Statistics' statistical reports and programs, please visit the
BJS Web site at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs.
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) provides federal leadership
in developing the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime,
administer justice and assist victims. OJP has five component
bureaus: the Bureau of Justice Assistance; the Bureau of Justice
Statistics; the National Institute of Justice; the Office of
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; and the Office for
Victims of Crime. Additionally, OJP has two program offices: the
Community Capacity Development Office, which incorporates the
Weed and Seed strategy, and the Sex Offender Sentencing,
Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART)
Office. More information can be found at
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics - US Department of Justice
CONTACT: Stu Smith of the U.S. Department of Justice,
+1-202-307-0784, +1-301-983-9354 (after hours)
Web Site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs