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Sexual behavior and perceived AIDS risk among 3500 Zairian health workers.
Moore M; Hassig SE; Lusakulira N; Bertrand WE; Kashala TD; Zaire School
September 30, 1990
Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:697 (abstract no. M.D.O.17). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To describe risky behavior, perceived risk and factors related to risk among Zairian health workers (HW). METHODS: We surveyed 3462 physicians, nurses, health facility workers, community HW and traditional healers. RESULTS: Extra-marital sexual relations (EMR) were reported by 54% in 1987 and 40% in 1988 (p less than 10(-6)). EMR were more commonly reported by males (p less than 10(-6)) and by younger personnel (p less than 10(-6)). Forty-six percent use condoms for their EMR, 51% of these regularly. Only 60% who would counsel the use of condoms for AIDS actually use them for their own EMR. Nearly half of HWs (43%) view their own risk for AIDS as very high or high, in particular those who are: nurses (p less than 10(-6)); in an urban environment (p=.00037); younger (p=.0002); less educated (p less than 10(-6)); female (p=.0203); from Shaba or Equateur Region (p less than 10(-6)); had attended a course on AIDS (p=.00087). CONCLUSIONS: (1) HWs in Zaire engage in risky sexual behavior, though behavior may be changing because of AIDS. (2) Nearly half of HWs view themselves at high risk for AIDS. (3) AIDS courses may prove useful in further educating HWs, who can in turn educate the general public.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*TRANSMISSION Contraceptive Devices, Male Female *Health Manpower Human Male *Sex Behavior ABSTRACT