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Diseases other than AIDS among IV drug users.
Trapido EJ; McCoy CB; Chitwood DD; McCoy HV; Inciardi JA; University of
September 30, 1990
Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:485 (abstract no. B.527). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of diseases other than AIDS among a cohort of IV drug users. METHODS: As part of a study which tests two interventions to reduce the risk of AIDS among IVDUs, 346 subjects were recruited from drug networks, tested for HIV-1 positivity, and interviewed. Bivariate analyses were performed to assess associations between variables, and relative risks (and 95% confidence intervals) were calculated. RESULTS: Genital sores were reported among 11.3% of the cohort; pneumonia among 18%; hepatitis among 10%; tuberculosis among 6%; gonorrhea among 39%; syphilis among 19%, and genital herpes among 3.5%. Rates varied by race/ethnicity, with whites and Hispanics having twice the reported frequency of hepatitis and herpes of blacks, and tuberculosis seen only in blacks and Hispanics. HIV-1 seropositives were more than twice as likely to report a history of syphilis than seronegatives (1.4-3.4). CONCLUSION: A variety of non-AIDS diseases occur in IV drug using populations which may present opportunities for targeted screening and interventions.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Blacks Cohort Studies Genitalia/MICROBIOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Hispanic Americans Human *HIV-1 Interviews Risk Factors Sexually Transmitted Diseases/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PATHOLOGY *Substance Abuse, Intravenous Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/COMPLICATIONS Whites ABSTRACT