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Evaluation of a school-based AIDS educational program.
Hornung R; Wydler H; Tschopp A; Gutzwiller F; Institute for Social- and
December 30, 1990
Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(2):424 (abstract no. 3089). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a school-based AIDS educational program aimed at 13-16 year-old pupils attending primary schools in the canton of Zurich. METHODS: Empirical basis was a stratified random sample of 479 pupils in 32 classes. Both pupils and teachers in the 32 classes were questioned by a highly standardized questionnaire. Because of the compulsory character of the intervention a study design including a control group was not feasible. It happened by chance that 16 of the selected classes had already got the intervention, the other 16 classes not yet. Objectives of the intervention were defined on four levels: cognitive level (knowledge of the modes of transmission and of preventive measures), emotional (e.g. compassion with AIDS-affected persons), affective (e.g. fear regarding to sexuality), behavior-oriented level (internal/external control). The scales were established by factor-analytic procedures. Bivariate and multivariate methods of analysis (multiple stepwise regression) have been used. RESULTS: A consistent effect of AIDS-education could be demonstrated on the cognitive level (p less than .01), a rather weak effect on the social level (p less than .01). There were no negative effects on the sexual feelings of the pupils with intervention. An impact on the behavior-oriented level could not be shown. CONCLUSION: School-based AIDS intervention has a provable effect on knowledge and attitudes.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*PREVENTION & CONTROL Adolescence Attitude to Health *Health Education Human *Program Evaluation Questionnaires Students Switzerland ABSTRACT