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Retrovirus infection in prostitutes in Brazil.
Granato C; Johnson W; Brites C; Bianco C; Gerbi L; Zamariol L; Inst.
December 30, 1990
Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(2):226 (abstract no. F.C.581). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence of retrovirus infection in female Brazilian prostitutes. METHODS: Serum was obtained from 529 prostitutes in June 1987 in the port city Santos, Sao Paulo and from another 263 prostitutes in the same area in July 1989. Serum was also obtained from 100 prostitutes in an interior city Presidente Prudente, S.Paulo in 1987 and from another 100 prostitutes of this area in 1989. The groups from Santos included 59 IV drug addicts (IVDA) prostitutes in the 1987 sample and 16 IVDA prostitutes in the 1989 sample. Sera were tested for HTLV-1, HIV-1 and 2 by licensed EIA Kits and confirmed by Western-blot (Dupont). RESULTS: The data shown below represent the percentage (%) of sera reactive in the EIA and WB. TABULAR DATA, SEE ABSTRACT VOLUME. CONCLUSION: Infection by HIV-1 is common and increasing in these high-risk populations. HTLV-1 infection is as common as HIV-1 infection. HIV-2 infection was not confirmed in these populations.

Brazil/EPIDEMIOLOGY Female Human *HIV Seroprevalence HIV-1 HIV-2 HTLV-I *Prostitution Retroviridae Infections/*EPIDEMIOLOGY ABSTRACT