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Fetal blood sampling in human immunodeficiency virus--seropositive women before elective midtrimester termination of pregnancy.
Viscarello RR; Cullen MT; DeGennaro NJ; Hobbins JC; Department of
January 30, 1993
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Oct;167(4 Pt 1):1075-9. Unique Identifier :

OBJECTIVES: To explore the diagnostic potential of fetal blood sampling in the prenatal diagnosis of intrauterine human immunodeficiency virus infection and to investigate the transplacental transfer of human immunodeficiency virus antibody and p24 antigen in the second trimester of pregnancy, we studied serum and amniotic fluid obtained from 13 seropositive women and their fetuses before elective termination of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot antibody analyses, and p24 antigen assays were performed on all samples. RESULTS: Human immunodeficiency virus antibody was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot analysis in aliquots of maternal serum, amniotic fluid, and fetal serum from all 13 pregnancies. Each mother-fetus pair had identical antibody banding patterns. In contrast, p24 antigen was found in the maternal serum and amniotic fluid samples from five of 13 women (38%) and in serum from only three of 13 fetuses (23%). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that fetal blood sampling, if combined with sophisticated serologic analysis, may have the potential to provide the diagnosis of congenital infection with human immunodeficiency virus. The correlation of immunologic, virologic, and molecular biologic methods with subsequent infant outcome and risk of iatrogenic infection of the fetus remains to be determined.

Abortion, Induced Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/DIAGNOSIS Adult Amniotic Fluid/MICROBIOLOGY *Blood Specimen Collection Female *Fetal Blood/MICROBIOLOGY Human HIV Antigens/ANALYSIS *HIV Seropositivity Pregnancy *Pregnancy Trimester, Second Support, Non-U.S. Gov't JOURNAL ARTICLE