translation agency

Efficacy of ganciclovir in combination with zidovudine against cytomegalovirus in vitro and in vivo [see comments]
Freitas VR; Fraser-Smith EB; Chiu S; Michelson S; Schatzman RC; Syntex
January 30, 1994
Antiviral Res. 1993 Aug;21(4):301-15. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

In cultured MRC-5 cells, ganciclovir (GCV) alone had good activity against both the established AD169 strain (IC50 8 and 9 microM) and a clinical isolate (IC50 14 microM) of human cytomegalovirus (CMV), while 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) was relatively inactive [IC50 508 and > 800 (AD169 strain); > 800 microM (clinical isolate)]. When reductions in plaques were compared against reductions in the cellular metabolism of MTT at all GCV and AZT combination concentrations using an improved 3-dimensional linear regression analysis, AZT had an additive effect on the antiviral activity of GCV against the AD169 strain and potentiated the antiviral activity of GCV against the clinical isolate. Calculations showed that, in the presence of 50 microM AZT, the anti-CMV activity of GCV was unchanged for the AD169 strain, whereas the activity of GCV was increased approximately 5-10-fold for the clinical isolate. An increase in GCV efficacy for the AD169 strain first became apparent at 100 microM AZT with an approximately 3-fold increase in activity. In Swiss-Webster mice, the anti-CMV activity of GCV against murine CMV was unaffected when administered in combination with AZT. GCV given alone subcutaneously had an ED50 of 6 mg/kg which was unaffected by daily intraperitoneal doses of 320 mg/kg AZT. These results suggest that AZT will not adversely affect the efficacy of GCV against CMV in HIV-positive, non-neutropenic patients.

Animal Cytomegalovirus/*DRUG EFFECTS Cytomegalovirus Infections/DRUG THERAPY Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Drug Combinations Female Ganciclovir/*PHARMACOLOGY Herpesviridae Infections/*DRUG THERAPY/MICROBIOLOGY Human Mice Muromegalovirus/DRUG EFFECTS Regression Analysis Zidovudine/*PHARMACOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE