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Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS: an etiologic review.
Perazella MA; Brown E; Yale Primary Care Residency Program, Department
September 30, 1994
J Gen Intern Med. 1994 Apr;9(4):232-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.

*Acid-Base Imbalance/ETIOLOGY Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Human *Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/ETIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL