J Gen Intern Med. 1994 Apr;9(4):232-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE
In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering
variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from
many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality.
Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to
life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in
calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders
also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte
perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses
associated with AIDS, or medications.
*Acid-Base Imbalance/ETIOLOGY Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Human *Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/ETIOLOGY
JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL