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[Sexually transmitted diseases, HIV infection and AIDS in Mudzi, Zimbabwe. A study of knowledge, attitudes and practice in a rural area in southern Africa]
Rygnestad T; Hana J; Myhre AK; Ministry of Health and Child Welfare,
September 30, 1994
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Apr 10;114(9):1045-9. Unique Identifier :

We describe a study conducted in a rural area of Zimbabwe. We examined all patients who attend for treatment of a presenting sexually transmitted disease for a period of one month in 1989 and 1992. In addition we studied the knowledge of, attitudes towards and practices as regards HIV-infection and AIDS in 1992. The annual rate of sexually transmitted diseases was not different in the two periods studied. Most of the females with symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases were married and had been infected by their husbands. Most males too were married, but had been infected by prostitutes. There was a reduction in the proportion of patients who were employed as teachers, policemen or in the army. The use of condoms seems to have increased. Males were generally better informed about HIV-infection and AIDS than females were. As much as 26% of the females and 40% of the males had a close friend/relative who had died from AIDS and 69% of the females and 81% of the males had found it necessary to change their sexual behaviour after hearing about AIDS. Most people knew the most important parts of transmission, and about condoms as a means of protection, but the rate of sexually transmitted diseases remains very high. New strategies are needed in the preventive work.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL/TRANSMISSION Adult English Abstract Female Human HIV Infections/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL/TRANSMISSION *Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Rural Population *Sex Behavior Sexually Transmitted Diseases/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL/ TRANSMISSION Socioeconomic Factors Zimbabwe/EPIDEMIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE