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Seroprevalence of chronic coinfection in HIV(+) patients in Argentina.
Bortolozzi R; Lupo S; Taborda M; Fernandez E; Viglianco R; Fay O; First
December 30, 1994
Int Conf AIDS. 1994 Aug 7-12;10(2):133 (abstract no. PB0544). Unique

OBJECTIVES: To determinate the seroprevalence of chronic infections no HIV, HIV(+) patients and compare it with the general population. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1994 we studied 231 HIV(+) patients (182 (78%) male and 49 (21%) female) age range between 15 and 55 (mean: 27 years), all residents of the area of Rosario city in Argentina. The infections ways were IVDU 140 (60.60%), 47 (20.3%) heterosexual, 41 (17.34%) homosexual, 3 (1.29%) blood transfusion. We utilized the following laboratory tests: ELISA;RIBA; and LIA for HCV, ELISA for HBV, Toxoplasm g., CMV, Chagas disease at HTLV I/II, and serology tests for Brusellosis and syphilis. Control groups were voluntary HIV(-) blood donors. The stadistic methods applied was Chi-square test. RESULTS: The table summarize the data TABULAR DATA, SEE ABSTRACT VOLUME. CONCLUSIONS: 1) The seroprevalence for HCV, HBV, Toxoplasmosis, CMV, and syphilis was higher in HIV(+) population than in controls groups with statistical significance (p < 0.05). 2) The Possibility of a reactivation and transmission of these infections justifies the serological in our HIV(+) population 3) The seroprevalence for Brusellosis was higher in the general population with statistical significance (p < 0.05) The prevalence of rural population in these group should explained the result. 4) There were no statistical significative differences for Chagas infection in the groups considered.

Adolescence Adult Argentina/EPIDEMIOLOGY AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/COMPLICATIONS/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Blood Transfusion/ADVERSE EFFECTS Brucellosis/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY Chagas Disease/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY Chronic Disease Cytomegalovirus Infections/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY Female Hepatitis C/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY Homosexuality Human HIV Infections/COMPLICATIONS/TRANSMISSION Male Middle Age Rural Population Sex Behavior Substance Abuse, Intravenous/COMPLICATIONS Syphilis/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY Toxoplasmosis/COMPLICATIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY ABSTRACT