translation agency

NLM AIDSLINE
Antibody reactivity to the immunodominant epitopes of the caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus gp38 transmembrane protein associates with the development of arthritis.
Bertoni G; Zahno ML; Zanoni R; Vogt HR; Peterhans E; Ruff G; Cheevers
January 30, 1995
J Virol. 1994 Nov;68(11):7139-47. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

High titers of antibodies to caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) envelope (Env) glycoproteins are found in infected goats developing a progressive arthritis. In order to identify linear B epitopes of the CAEV Env, which may be involved in the immunopathology of arthritis, we constructed a lambda gt11 Env expression library. By combining library screening with sera from naturally infected Swiss goats with an enzyme immunoassay with overlapping peptides (pepscan), four group-specific epitopes could be precisely defined in the transmembrane envelope proteins: TM1 to TM4, including a conserved structure (TM3) that corresponds to the immunodominant epitope of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and other lentiviruses. A panel of 190 CAEV naturally infected goat serum samples, obtained from animals with defined clinical status, was tested for reactivity to synthetic peptides corresponding to the TM epitopes in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Antibody reactivity to two epitopes was highly associated (TM3, P = 0.002, and TM4, P < 0.001) with the presence of clinically detectable arthritis. Such an association is absent for anti-Gag antibody. Antibodies to the immunodominant structures of the TM glycoprotein could thus have an important role in the immunopathogenic process leading to disease.

Amino Acid Sequence Animal Antibodies, Viral/*ANALYSIS Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus, Caprine/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY Arthritis, Infectious/ETIOLOGY/*VETERINARY Base Sequence Epitope Mapping Gene Products, gag/IMMUNOLOGY Goat Diseases/*ETIOLOGY Goats Immunodominant Epitopes/*IMMUNOLOGY Lentivirus Infections/IMMUNOLOGY Molecular Sequence Data Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Viral Envelope Proteins/*IMMUNOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE

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