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HIV seropositivity in children admitted with diarrhoea at Eldoret District Hospital, Kenya.
Esamai F; Buku GM; Department of Child Health, Paediatrics and
April 30, 1995
East Afr Med J. 1994 Oct;71(10):631-4. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Fifty seven children aged 2 years and below admitted to Paediatric ward of Eldoret District Hospital with a diagnosis of diarrhoea were studied for HIV infection. A total of 29 (50.9%) cases were found to be positive with no gender difference. 17 (70.8%) of 24 cases with diarrhoea of over 14 days duration were positive for HIV compared to 12 (36.7%) cases out of 33 cases with diarrhoea of less than 14 days' duration. There was a high (80%) prevalence of HIV positivity rate in patients who presented with pneumonia and malnutrition in addition to diarrhoea when compared to children who presented with diarrhoea and vomiting alone (44.1%).

Child, Preschool Comparative Study Diarrhea/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Diarrhea, Infantile/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Female Gastroenteritis/EPIDEMIOLOGY Hospitals, District Human HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY HIV Seronegativity HIV Seropositivity/*EPIDEMIOLOGY HIV Seroprevalence Infant Kenya/EPIDEMIOLOGY Male Nutrition Disorders/EPIDEMIOLOGY Pneumonia/EPIDEMIOLOGY Vomiting/EPIDEMIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE