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HIV-infected women and sexual risk reduction: the relevance of existing models of behavior change.
Kline A; VanLandingham M; New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton.
April 30, 1995
AIDS Educ Prev. 1994 Oct;6(5):390-402. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

This article utilizes constructs of the AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM) to examine condom use in a sample of 215 HIV-infected women in New Jersey. We find evidence that processes affecting condom use in HIV-infected individuals are similar to those found in HIV-negative individuals. Results suggest that partner-related factors are important to consistent condom use in HIV-infected women. Women are more likely to use condoms consistently if they have high perceived power to influence their partner's condom use, have partners who are HIV seronegative, and have partners who do not want more children. Conflicts with the partner decrease the probability of consistent condom use. Also negatively associated with condom use are the woman's use of drugs and/or alcohol and her belief that condoms reduce sexual enjoyment. Implications of these findings for designing interventions for HIV-infected women are considered.

Adult Attitude to Health Condoms/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA/UTILIZATION Female Health Behavior Human HIV Infections/PREVENTION & CONTROL/*PSYCHOLOGY HIV Seropositivity/EPIDEMIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY *HIV-1 Interviews Logistic Models Middle Age *Models, Psychological New Jersey/EPIDEMIOLOGY Psychology, Social *Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/*PSYCHOLOGY/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA *Social Change Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. JOURNAL ARTICLE