Health Psychol. 1994 Sep;13(5):397-403. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE
Behavioral change reduces risk of HIV infection and development of AIDS.
We compared 206 inner-city women who were randomly assigned to a
4-session AIDS-prevention group or to one of two controls, a
health-promotion group or a no-intervention group. AIDS-prevention and
health-promotion groups provided information, behavioral competency
training, and social support. Only the AIDS-prevention group focused on
AIDS-specific knowledge and skills. The AIDS-prevention group produced
moderate, consistent increases in knowledge and safer sex behaviors in
comparison with either the health-promotion or no-intervention group.
Self-report and objective changes were sustained 6 months after
intervention for both African-American and European-American women.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*PREVENTION & CONTROL/
PSYCHOLOGY/TRANSMISSION Adolescence Adult *Behavior Therapy Condoms
Female Health Promotion Human Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Pregnancy Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/*PREVENTION & CONTROL/
PSYCHOLOGY Risk Factors Sex Behavior Sex Education Single
Parent/*PSYCHOLOGY Spermatocidal Agents Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. *Urban Population CLINICAL TRIAL JOURNAL
ARTICLE RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL