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Cocaine use and HIV risk behavior in methadone maintenance patients.
Bux DA; Lamb RJ; Iguchi MY; Medical College of Pennsylvania, Department
June 30, 1995
Drug Alcohol Depend. 1995 Jan;37(1):29-35. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

This study examined sexual and drug use behavior in 247 methadone maintenance patients, to explore the association of cocaine use with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behavior. In univariate analyses, cocaine use was positively associated with any drug injection, number of injections, and sexual intercourse without condoms. These relationships remained significant after controlling for other drug use and demographic factors. Heroin use also contributed to injection-related risk. We conclude that cocaine use represents a continued source of risk for exposure to HIV in this population, and that more aggressive efforts are warranted to reduce illicit drug use, particularly of heroin and cocaine, in methadone patients.

Adult *Cocaine Comorbidity Condoms/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Female Heroin Dependence/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/REHABILITATION Human HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL/*TRANSMISSION Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Methadone/*THERAPEUTIC USE Middle Age Minority Groups/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Philadelphia/EPIDEMIOLOGY Risk Factors Sex Behavior Substance Abuse Treatment Centers Substance Abuse, Intravenous/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/REHABILITATION Substance Dependence/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/REHABILITATION Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. JOURNAL ARTICLE