Natl Conf Hum Retroviruses Relat Infect (1st). 1993 Dec 12-16;:141.
Objective: To explore differences in pain perception between those PWA
who were or had been chemically dependent and those PWA with no history
of chemical dependency. Methods: A convenience sample (N=71) was drawn
from 2 large urban hospitals. Chemical dependence was measured using the
Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and the Drug and Alcohol
Screening Test (DAST). Persons with scores of six or above on MAST or
DAST were determined to be in the chemically dependent category and
their perception of pain was compared to PWA who were not chemically
dependent. The perception of pain was measured with the Wisconsin Brief
Pain Inventory (BPI), which measures intensity of pain, pain relief, and
the amount that pain interferes with activities of daily living.
Results: The hypothesis that the two groups would demonstrate a
significantly different perception of pain was not supported in the
study. Overall, PWA stated that pain interfered with activities at an
average score of six on a scale range of zero to ten. PWA with a history
of chemical dependency and others without this history had an average
pain relief of 62 and 52 percent, respectively. Mean pain intensity
scores averaged at nearly six (6), on a zero to ten scale. Self-report
of substance use did not correlate well with scores on MAST and DAST,
indicating a need for more precise measurements of dependence.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Adult Cartilage
Diseases/*COMPLICATIONS/DRUG THERAPY/MICROBIOLOGY Case Report
Ciprofloxacin/THERAPEUTIC USE Human Male Salmonella/*ISOLATION &