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Gamma delta T lymphocytes in human periodontal disease tissue.
Gemmell E; Seymour GJ; Department of Dentistry, University of
March 30, 1996
J Periodontol. 1995 Sep;66(9):780-5. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Gamma delta T cells have been implicated as playing a role in inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. In this study, a biotin-streptavidin peroxidase technique was used to determine the presence of T cells expressing alpha beta and gamma delta T cell receptors (TCR) in the inflammatory infiltrates of gingival tissue sections from gingivitis and adult periodontitis patients. The lesions were graded 1+ to 3+ according to the size of the infiltrate. alpha beta+ T cells predominated in all infiltrates with no differences in the mean percent (20 to 30%) according to size of lesion or to clinical status. A mean percent gamma delta T cells of 0.42 +/- 0.11 and 0.91 +/- 0.42 was demonstrated in 1+ infiltrates of gingivitis and adult periodontitis sections respectively. Although the mean percent gamma delta T cells increased in both gingivitis (2.09 +/- 0.54) and adult periodontitis sections (2.25 +/- 0.35) with increasing size of infiltrate, this was not statistically significant. However, when the mean proportion of gamma delta T cells of the total TCR bearing cells was determined, there was a significant 3 to 4 fold increase in adult periodontitis sections from 3.09 +/- 1.35 in 1+ lesions to 11.90 +/- 2.94 and 8.81 +/- 1.45 in 2+ and 3+ lesions respectively. A similar increase of the same magnitude occurred in gingivitis sections from 2.82 +/- 0.74 in 1+ lesions to 11.12 +/- 4.13 in 2+ lesions, but this was not significant (P = 0.055). There was no correlation between the increase in the proportion of gamma delta T cells and the T:B cell ratio or the CD4:CD8 ratio in individual lesions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Adult B-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Cell Count Comparative Study CD4-CD8 Ratio Gingival Hemorrhage/IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Gingivitis/IMMUNOLOGY/*PATHOLOGY Human Immunoenzyme Techniques Periodontal Attachment Loss/IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Periodontitis/IMMUNOLOGY/*PATHOLOGY Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/ANALYSIS Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta/*ANALYSIS Support, Non-U.S. Gov't T-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY/*PATHOLOGY Tonsil/IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE