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Immunological and virological markers of HIV-disease progression.
Zeller JM; McCain NL; Swanson B; Department of Medical Nursing, Virginia
January 30, 1997
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 1996 Jan-Feb;7(1):15-27. Unique Identifier :

This review, based upon scientific literature, evaluates a number of immunological and virological markers for their usefulness as prognostic indicators for progression of HIV disease. The most widely studied marker, the CD4 positive T lymphocyte count, is perhaps the best single indicator of stage of illness. Serum factors such as neopterin and beta-2 microglobulin, alone and in combination with CD4 cell counts, have been shown to have good predictive value. Measurement of viral burden by quantification of viral RNA levels in plasma and immune cells also holds promise for following disease progression. It is recommended that a combination of these factors be monitored in evaluating stage of illness and responses to therapy in HIV-infected persons.