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Predictors of preference for alcohol use with sexual intercourse among white and African American college students.
Manteuffel BA; DiIorio CK; Soet J; Dudley W; Stephens T; Rollins School
January 30, 1997
Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):178 (abstract no. Mo.D.1719). Unique

Objective: To determine predictors of preference for alcohol use with sexual intercourse among white and African American college students. Methods: Data collected from 1,480 sexually active white and African American students randomly selected from 6 colleges and universities in a large southeastern city as part of a larger study related to HIV prevention. Sexually active white males (340-WM), white females (463-WF), African American males 196-AM) and African American females (481-AF) were examined separately using hierarchical regression analyses to determine to what extent 1) demographic factors of age, income and religiosity; 2) general and sex-based parental communication; and 3) social cognitive factors related to communication including self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, risk-taking, peer and partner norms, and self-reported communication with sexual partners contributed to the variance in preference for alcohol use with sexual intercourse, controlling for alcohol use. Results: Variance explained by the model for each group was .53, 48, .56, and .38 respectively. General alcohol use explained most variance in each model (t=13.01, 13.77, 10.43, 12.93); additional factors contributing significantly varied by gender and ethnicity: WM-anxiety related to communicating about sexual issues (t=2.80) and self-reported behavior of communicating with a sexual partner (t=-1.97); WF-risk-taking (t=3.18), and self-efficacy for saying no to unsafe sexual practices (t=-2.46); AM-age (t=2.60), and self-efficacy for saying no to sex t=-2.63); AF-sex-based discussion with parents (t=2.28), risk-taking (t=2.20), self-efficacy for avoiding sex when drinking (t=-2.54), positive outcome expectancies for discussion with partner (t=-2.34), and perceived partner preference for discussion (t=-2.05). Conclusions: Contributors to and deterrents of preferences for alcohol use with sex may differ by gender and ethnicity. Programs that address drinking and sexual activity should be tailored to characteristics unique to specific groups of college students. Further examination of drinking patterns in relation to sexual behavior is needed.

*Alcohol Drinking *Blacks *Coitus *Sex Behavior *Students *Whites