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Sexual risk behavior among rapid deployment military personnel.
Schneider SJ; Daniell F; McKee K; Jenkins P; Sharp-Breslau E; H.M.
January 30, 1997
Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):175 (abstract no. Mo.D.1708). Unique

Objective: To examine patterns of partner selection and sexual risk behaviors among active duty US Army personnel in deployment-ready units under deployment and non-deployment conditions. Methods: A convenience sample of 1377 soldiers was surveyed to assess sexual risk behavior and previous exposure to HIV education. The scope of the inquiry included demographics, STDs within the past year, demographic and military status of partners, and condom and alcohol use with sexual behavior in deployment, non-deployment, leave, and return-to-duty settings. Results: Soldiers were least likely to always use condoms with casual partners in deployment and post-deployment situations, compared with when they were on post and on leave (25%, 27% vs 32%, 35%). Soldiers were most likely to drink alcohol with sex with casual partners in post-deployment situations, as compared with on post or on leave situations (61% vs 47%, 49%). African Americans were more likely than other soldiers to have both regular and casual partners (50% vs 37%) and to have active duty soldiers as casual partners (30% vs 16%). Among the 5% of the soldiers who reported having an STD in the past year, positive associations were found with having both regular and casual partners and having active duty soldiers as partners. A total of 75% of the soldiers reported having ever received HIV education from the Army. Conclusions: Deployments and the periods following deployments are associated with risk behaviors among soldiers in rapid deployment units. Partner selection patterns are related to STD acquisition by this population. These data are of assistance in focusing intervention efforts for this group.

*Health Education *Military Personnel *Sex Behavior