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NLM AIDSLINE
HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C in the Code One trauma population.
Henein MN; Lloyd L; Department of Surgery, St. John Hospital and Medical
September 30, 1997
Am Surg. 1997 Jul;63(7):657-9. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/97346123

The resuscitation of a trauma patient is a very hectic and seemingly chaotic situation. The nature of the situation increases the likelihood that a health care worker will receive an accidental needle stick while caring for the patient. There is also a common belief that there is a higher prevalence of communicable bloodborne diseases in the trauma population, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes the greatest amount of fear. This belief of higher prevalence communicable diseases in the trauma population is supported by the literature. We sent blood from our Code One (life-threatening) trauma population for analysis for HIV, hepatitis B surface antigen, and hepatitis C antibodies. We found that 0.52% of our trauma population had HIV. We also found that 1.5 per cent had hepatitis B surface antigen, and 13.8 per cent had hepatitis C antibodies. Our prevalence of HIV and hepatitis B is similar to that found in other studies of the trauma populations and higher than the general population. Our hepatitis C prevalence is surprising, considering the very low reported prevalence in the general population. Hepatitis C may be a more significant threat to the health of medical personnel than previously believed.

*Hepatitis B/EPIDEMIOLOGY *Hepatitis C/EPIDEMIOLOGY *HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY *Wounds and Injuries/COMPLICATIONS

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