translation agency

Heterogeneity in recombinant HIV-1 integrase corrected by site-directed mutagenesis: the identification and elimination of a protease cleavage site.
Hickman AB; Dyda F; Craigie R; Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National
December 30, 1997
Protein Eng. 1997 May;10(5):601-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Purified recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase and certain deletion mutants exhibit heterogeneity consistent with proteolysis at a site close to the C-terminus. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis indicated that proteolytic cleavage generated a protein missing five residues from the C-terminus. PCR mutagenesis of amino acids on either side of the cleavage site identified two changes which were subsequently shown to prevent clipping when proteins were expressed and purified from Escherichia coli: the substitution of Arg284, the residue on the C-terminal side of the cleavage site, by either glycine or lysine. The introduction of either of these mutations into full-length integrase did not affect in vitro 3' processing or strand transfer activities. Thus, the incorporation of either of these mutations is likely to be beneficial when homogeneity of HIV-1 integrase is a concern, as in crystallographic or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic experiments.