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Dermatoses among Brazilian HIV-positive patients: correlation with the evolutionary phases of AIDS.
Rosatelli JB; Machado AA; Roselino AM; Department of Internal Medicine,
February 28, 1998
Int J Dermatol. 1997 Oct;36(10):729-34. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

BACKGROUND: The presence of dermatoses is very common in Acquired Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The present study was undertaken to correlate the various dermatoses with the evolutionary phases of AIDS. METHODS: We examined 223 HIV-infected patients older than 13 seen at the University of Sao Paulo, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, from 1989 to 1993. Patients were divided according to the CDC classification and assigned to groups I, II and III (initial stages of AIDS) and to group IV (fully symptomatic stage of AIDS). RESULTS: The mean frequency of dermatoses detected in patients with AIDS was higher compared to the early phases of HIV infection. The most frequently detected dermatoses were, in decreasing order of occurrence, dermatoses of fungal etiology, and desquamating disorders, such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, xerosis, and viral dermatoses. CONCLUSIONS: A careful examination of skin and mucosae may be highly useful for the diagnosis of HIV infection. The number of dermatoses tended to increase during the more advanced stages of infection.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/CLASSIFICATION/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Adolescence Adult Brazil/EPIDEMIOLOGY Comparative Study Dermatitis, Seborrheic/EPIDEMIOLOGY Dermatomycoses/EPIDEMIOLOGY Drug Eruptions/EPIDEMIOLOGY Female Human Hyperpigmentation/EPIDEMIOLOGY HIV Infections/CLASSIFICATION/*EPIDEMIOLOGY HIV Seropositivity/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Ichthyosis/EPIDEMIOLOGY Male Prospective Studies Psoriasis/EPIDEMIOLOGY Sarcoma, Kaposi/EPIDEMIOLOGY Skin Diseases/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous/EPIDEMIOLOGY Skin Diseases, Viral/EPIDEMIOLOGY Skin Neoplasms/EPIDEMIOLOGY Support, Non-U.S. Gov't JOURNAL ARTICLE