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NLM AIDSLINE
COUP-TF and Sp1 interact and cooperate in the transcriptional activation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 long terminal repeat in human microglial cells.
Rohr O; Aunis D; Schaeffer E; Unite 338 INSERM, 5 rue Blaise Pascal,
March 30, 1998
J Biol Chem. 1997 Dec 5;272(49):31149-55. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

We have recently reported that chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor (COUP-TF) activates human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gene transcription in glial and neuronal cells. Here, we have examined the role of COUP-TF in microglial cells, the major target cells for HIV-1 infection in brain. We show that COUP-TF activates gene expression from both the lymphotropic LAI and the macrophage-tropic JR-FL HIV-1 strains. Although COUP-TF binds to the 352/-320 nuclear receptor responsive element of the long terminal repeat, it functions as a transcriptional activator by acting on the 68/+29 minimal promoter. This region is a direct target of transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. We report the discovery and features of a physical and functional interplay between COUP-TF and Sp1. Our cotransfection experiments provide evidence for a functional synergism between Sp1 and COUP-TF leading to enhanced transcriptional activity of the HIV-1 long terminal repeat through the Sp1 element. In contrast, Sp3 functions as a repressor of Sp1- or COUP-TF-induced activation. We further demonstrate that COUP-TF and Sp1 are capable of physically interacting, via the DNA-binding domain of COUP-TF, in vitro and in the cell. These findings reveal how the novel interplay of Sp1 and COUP-TF families of transcription factors regulate HIV-1 gene expression.

*DNA-Binding Proteins/METABOLISM *HIV Long Terminal Repeat/GENETICS *Microglia/VIROLOGY *Trans-Activation (Genetics) *Transcription Factor, Sp1/METABOLISM *Transcription Factors/METABOLISM

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