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NLM AIDSLINE
Knowledge, attitude & risk-taking behaviours towards HIV/AIDS of marginal youth in Hong Kong.
Ho CB; Division of Social Studies City University of Hong Kong, Hong;
December 30, 1998
Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:221 (abstract no. 14194). Unique Identifier :

OBJECTIVES: To assess and examine the knowledge, attitude and risk behaviours of marginal youth towards HIV/AIDS in Hong Kong and to identify any significant psycho-social factors affecting the practices of such risk behaviours. DESIGN: Exploratory, descriptive research design. METHODS: A questionnaire survey is conducted. The active and potential cases of the 30 Outreaching Social Work Service Teams are the study population. A self administered questionnaire is distributed to the study sample randomly. A total of 801 marginal youth aged from 12 to 23 returned the completed questionnaires. RESULTS: In general, the AIDS knowledge is not low among the marginal youth with positive attitude though some common misconceptions still existed. It is found that the sexuality ideology of marginal youth is quite liberal, permissive and open. They are sexually active. 40% of them have actual sexual experience. 39.5% claim that they have more than one sexual partner. Around 41% of them report that they use condom at the last intercourse but only 17.1% claim that they use condom persistently. Intravenous drug use and sharing needle are found to be not a risk factor for HIV infection. The major risk-taking behaviour among the marginal youth is having casual sex without safer sex practices. Their perceived susceptibility to HIV is low and perceived self-efficacy on condom use is also far from satisfactory. CONCLUSION: Marginal youth in Hong Kong has basic understanding on HIV/AIDS. The main risk factor to HIV infection is casual heterosexual practices with a low sense of self protection. It is found that low perceived self-efficacy on condom use, undesirable peers influence, ventureness personality trait with unrealistic optimism are the key psycho-social factors influencing their practices of safer sex.

MEETING ABSTRACTS Adolescence *Adolescent Behavior *Adolescent Psychology Adult Condoms/UTILIZATION Female Heterosexuality/PSYCHOLOGY Homeless Youth/*PSYCHOLOGY Hong Kong/EPIDEMIOLOGY Human *Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Middle Age Needle Sharing/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Questionnaires Risk Factors *Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/PSYCHOLOGY/*STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Substance Abuse, Intravenous/EPIDEMIOLOGY Urban Population

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