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Two cases of cytomegalovirus infection revealed by hearing loss in HIV-infected patients.
Meynard JL; el Amrani M; Meyohas MC; Fligny I; Gozlan J; Rozenbaum W;
March 30, 1999
Biomed Pharmacother. 1997;51(10):461-3. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Neurological complications are particularly common during HIV infection. Among various opportunistic diseases, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent causes of central and peripheral neurological manifestations. Previously, there have been several reports of cranial nerve infection by CMV, but to our knowledge, no cases of auditory nerve involvement have been described. We report two cases in which CMV infection was revealed by involvement of the VIIIth cranial nerves. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is frequent in severely immunodeficient patients infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The main targets of CMV are the retina, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system. We describe two cases in which neurologic CMV infection was revealed by hearing loss.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Acoustic Nerve Adult AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/COMPLICATIONS/*DIAGNOSIS/ PHYSIOPATHOLOGY Case Report Cytomegalovirus Infections/COMPLICATIONS/*DIAGNOSIS Deafness/*ETIOLOGY Human HIV Infections/*COMPLICATIONS HIV Seropositivity Male Tinnitus