J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 1999 Spring;10(1):35-45. Unique Identifier :
While AIDS continues to escalate in Botswana, no systematic
investigation has been done of the contextual (behavioral and
situational) variables important to the tailoring of AIDS educational
prevention program for adolescents. A cross-sectional descriptive study
identified the specific behaviors and situations placing adolescents at
risk for AIDS as perceived by a convenience sample of 48 adolescents.
Adolescents attended gender-specific focus groups and completed a
demographic questionnaire. Content analysis revealed that gender and age
could categorize the adolescents' perceptions of contextual variables.
For younger adolescents AIDS-related behaviors involved sex and
intravenous drug use; for older adolescents AIDS-related behaviors
involved multiple sexual partners and sexual relationships between older
men and adolescent girls. Though a consensus existed regarding the
situational variables, gender and age influenced the situation that was
most challenging to these adolescents. The data support that AIDS
educational prevention programs must be tailored to the adolescents'
gender and age.
JOURNAL ARTICLE *Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/ETIOLOGY/PREVENTION
& CONTROL/ TRANSMISSION Adolescence *Adolescent Behavior *Adolescent
Psychology Botswana Cross-Sectional Studies Female Focus Groups
Human *Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Questionnaires
*Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/*PSYCHOLOGY Support, Non-U.S. Gov't