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An effective strategy of human tumor vaccine modification by coupling bispecific costimulatory molecules.
Haas C; Herold-Mende C; Gerhards R; Schirrmacher V; German Cancer
December 30, 1999
Cancer Gene Ther. 1999 May-Jun;6(3):254-62. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

A new, generally applicable procedure is described for the introduction of defined costimulatory molecules into human cancer cells to increase their T-cell stimulatory capacity. The procedure involves infection with Newcastle disease virus to mediate the cell surface binding of costimulatory molecules (e.g., specially designed bispecific antibodies (bsAb)). The modification is independent of tumor cell proliferation and laborious recombinant gene technology and can be applied directly to freshly isolated and gamma-irradiated patient-derived tumor cells as an autologous cancer vaccine. Following the infection of tumor cells with a nonvirulent strain of Newcastle disease virus, the cells are washed and then further modified by coincubation with bsAbs, which attach with one arm to the viral hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) molecule on the infected tumor cells. The second specificity of one bsAb (bs HN x CD28) is directed against CD28 to augment antitumor T-cell responses by selectively channeling positive costimulatory signals via the CD28 pathway. A second bsAb (bs HN x CD3) was produced to deliver T-cell receptor-mediated signals either alone (bsCD3 vaccine) or in combination with anti-CD28 (bsCD3 vaccine plus bsCD28 vaccine). In human T-cell stimulation studies in vitro, the bsCD28 vaccine caused an up-regulation of early (CD69) and late (CD25) T-cell activation markers on CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes from either normal healthy donors or cancer patients (autologous system) and induced tumor cytostasis in nonmodified bystander tumor cells. In addition, in combination with the bsCD3 vaccine, augmented antitumor cytotoxicity and T-cell proliferative responses were observed. This tumor vaccine modification procedure is highly specific, quick, economic, and has a broad range of clinical applications.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Antibodies, Bispecific/*GENETICS Antigens, CD/GENETICS Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/GENETICS *Cancer Vaccines CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/DRUG EFFECTS CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/DRUG EFFECTS Gene Therapy/*METHODS Human Hybridomas Models, Biological Receptors, Interleukin-2/GENETICS T-Lymphocytes/METABOLISM Time Factors Tumor Cells, Cultured