American Journal of Public Health Vol. 101; No. 6: P. 1110-
The study's objective was to assess the link between
incarceration and sexually transmitted infection, including
HIV, from a social network perspective.
Data collected from a social network study in Brooklyn (n=343)
were measured for associations between incarceration and
infection with herpes simplex virus-2, chlamydia, gonorrhea
and syphilis or HIV and sex with an infected partner,
adjusting for characteristics of respondents and their sex
"Infection with an STI or HIV was associated with
incarceration of less than one year (adjusted prevalence
ratio=1.33; 95 percent confidence interval=1.01, 1.76) and one
year or longer (adjusted PR=1.37; 95 percent CI=1.08, 1.74).
Sex in the past three months with an infected partner was
associated with sex in the past three months with one partner
(adjusted PR=1.42; 95 percent CI=1.12, 1.79) and with two or
more partners (adjusted PR=1.85; 95 percent CI=1.43, 2.38) who
had ever been incarcerated," the results found.
There is a need for STI and HIV treatment and prevention for
current and former prisoners, concluded the authors. The
results provide preliminary evidence to indicate that
incarceration may influence HIV and other STIs, "possibly
because incarceration increases the risk of sex with infected